As part of the Bali Ministerial Declaration, trade ministers had directed developed and developing countries to indicate what they were prepared to offer to least developed countries (LDCs) in trade in services. Offers from countries like India are likely to be discussed this year at the wto ministerial meeting of members in Nairobi. Mode 2 (consumption abroad) is by far the most liberalized mode with regard to WTO members` commitments. This is mainly due to the fact that governments are less likely to restrict citizens` freedom of movement across internal borders (e.g. B tourists). Mode 1 (cross-border trade) is often not committed, not least because it is impossible to provide many services remotely (e.g.B. Mode 3 (commercial presence) is more open, reflecting its crucial role in promoting international service offerings, transferring know-how and improving the ability of economies to participate in global value chains. Mode 4 (presence of natural persons) has the slightest depth of engagement, probably due to a number of sensitivities related to the movement of foreign workers.  Launched in April 2013, Tisa aims to open markets and improve regulation in areas such as licensing, financial services, telecommunications, e-commerce, shipping and professionals who temporarily move abroad to provide services. Together, negotiating countries, including the United States and the European Union, account for 70% of global trade in services. Article I(3) of the GATS excludes `services provided in the exercise of State power`. These are services that are not provided commercially or in competition with other providers.
For example, social security systems and all other public services, such as health or education, that are not provided under the best market conditions. Since February 2012, 50 countries around the world (including 28 represented by the European Union) have been negotiating the Trade in Services Agreement (TISA). The TISA negotiations mainly included high- and middle-income countries that were members of the WTO and hoped to continue to liberalize trade in financial services, health care and transport among themselves. The agreement has not progressed since the beginning of 2016 due to uncertainty related to negotiations that followed many elections this year. The final report suggests that TiSA`s improved legal certainty could reduce the costs of trade in services in OECD markets by 3.4 per cent and by 5.8 per cent for low- and middle-income markets. . . .