The first cases show promising results in the application of this model. For example, in June 2020, South Korea announced the largest number of 5G subscribers in the world (>6 million subscribers that were processed between the three MNOs). MNOs are actively moving between 4G and 5G networks to find the right balance between speed, latency and battery life and offer >1 Gbps speeds at retail prices of $60 to $70 per month, an estimated 24 percent of the data was already processed by 5G in the first quarter of 2020. In mobile markets, network-sharing agreements are both mandatory and widespread on a voluntary basis and can take different forms, from the sharing of mobile phone sites to the sharing of radio-access networks (RAN) and frequencies. The use of new 5G mobile phone technology necessities operators to share their infrastructure. Arthur D. Little developed a governance framework that allowed us to successfully design and describe the elements of governance that are incorporated into the concept sheet and other legal documents (see Figure 5). You`ll find a detailed overview of the choice of financial and governance model in our previous network sharing report, Network Cooperation: Making It Work and Creating Value, which can help you understand any important governance levers and allow each party to shape its respective positions on each of these levers. Regulators are increasingly open to the idea that developing our 5G networks at a reasonable cost at a national level will require sharing a species, such as active release. B composition and spectrum. A 2018 report by the European Office of Electronic Communications Regulators (ORECE) shows that European regulators are working to develop a common European share position, particularly in light of the expected 5G deployment wave and the challenges associated with the deployment of 5G (site fibre reinforcement, 10 times new microsites/small cells, indoor and high-band coverage and wavelengths). Finally, in this report, we discussed the experience gained in different European countries with regard to the exchange of mobile networks and fixed co-investments, with a review of the relevant legal cases, if any. Legal cases show that infrastructure-sharing agreements are generally seen by competition authorities as promoting faster network development and increased competition, and that there is no single form of cooperation advocated by competition authorities.
With regard to 5G spectrum auctions in Europe, several regulators have highlighted the possibility of active release of the network under certain conditions, including by non-telecom companies. For example, in 2019, at a 3.5 GHz spectrum auction, the Austrian Broadcasting and Telecommunications Regulator suggested that active release of the network (including frequency sharing) could be allowed under certain conditions (in general, sharing could potentially be allowed anywhere except in the three largest cities).